Rabbi Baruch Bodenheim – Associate Rosh Yeshiva – Passaic Torah Institute – Parsha Eikev – Listening For The Feet Of Mashiach

Did you ever find yourself sitting in the kitchen, hearing someone’s footsteps coming down the stairs and saying, “Oh, I hear my wife (or son) coming down the stairs. I can tell by the footsteps.”  

This week’s Parsha – and this Dvar Torah – are all about footsteps we need to be able to recognize. We hear them clearly, but we must train ourselves to recognize and respond to them. What am I talking about?

Our Parsha starts with the words, “V’haya Eikev tishmeun…v’shamar ….” – and if you will listen ….. Hashem will safeguard for you the covenant and the kindness. The Chidushei Harim explains the word Eikev is referring to the period of time before the coming of Moshiach, a time the Gemara calls Ikvasa D’Meshicha, the footsteps of Moshiach.  What is the connection between the footsteps of Moshiach and our Parsha’s sentence besides the word association?

All the commentators are bothered with the unusual word “Eikev”.  The word usually refers to the heel of the foot (as in the root of the name “Yaakov” who held his brother’s heel.) What does it mean and why is it used here? How is it related to a quality of listening? The simple meaning of the term Eikev here means, “If you listen,” in the sense of, “in exchange for listening.” Rashi explains the word allegorically as referring to Mitzvos that we (figuratively) trample under ourheel. We perceive them as insignificant, due to our limited perspective, and assign them lesser importance, while that might not be the case.

Ramban points out that the word Eikev has many different meanings, among them “Acharis“–the end.  Indeed, the heel is the end point of the body. Therefore, he interprets the sentence to be saying that the end result for listening to Hashem is Hashem will guard His covenant.

A thought occurred to me as I stood in Shul on Tisha B’Av.  On this day of national sadness, we are not allowed to wear leather shoes. Absent leather, our heels are considered to be touching the ground. I thought perhaps that is exactly the point:  Tisha B’Av, the day we are most distant from the Beis Hamikdash, is when we most urgently need to get in touch with the Eikev, the heel, so that we will be grounded. Tisha B’Av will then be capable of catapulting us to Moshiach.  Indeed, Chazal tell us that Tisha B’Av is the birthday of Moshiach!

If we combine all the explanations together, I believe it’s a core life message.  We tend to focus on big goals and ideals. Often, we overlook the little things. Areas we perceive as trivial we might neglect or take for granted.  But in doing so, we are making a mistake.   Those small nuances in Jewish law do matter; they ground us. That’s how Rashi explained Eikev.  If we keep our heels steady on the ground, then we can use our heels to start propelling us forward.  That is what we need to focus on at the end of time when we hear the footsteps of Moshiach.

We are in a very difficult era.  One hundred years ago, the Chofetz Chaim already said that we are close to the coming of Moshiach. What must we do to shorten the time we must wait for Moshiach? We need to use adverse events occurring in this time to cause us to listen to Hashem, to follow his Mitzvos with the appropriate detail and enthusiasm and focus well on our Torah study. We aren’t as perceptive as our ancestors were, so Hashem is sending messages that are less and less subtle! All the political unrest, anti-semitism, and acts of terror are these messages. These events are the footsteps.

We hear the footsteps…but are we willing to recognize the sound and the significance? It’s time we hear with our hearts and minds; really hear! As the word Shema directs, we must not just listen, but fully understand.  By doing that, when we hear the “footsteps” treading near us, we can bring Moshiach into the room! Let’s grab onto the heels of Moshiach by being extremely diligent in our Mitzvos and by applying that “great principle of Torah,” as Rabbi Akiva (whose name also has the root Eikev!) said: “V’ahavta l’rayacha kamocha,” “Love your friend like you love yourself.” If we can listen carefully to each other’s hearts, we will be more finely attuned to the footsteps of Moshiach. May it be Hashem’s will that we hear those footsteps and respond appropriately, so that the sweetest sound our ears hear are the dancing of our own feet with Moshiach in the Holy City of Yerushalayim.

Moshe Stempel – Mashiach Is The Prize – A Parable From The Chafetz Chaim

Tonight R’ Bamberger spoke about the mitzvah of building the Beis Hamikdash. The purpose of the Beis Hamikdash is to serve as a source of inspiration for us to observe the mitzvos better. This leads us to the question of why we should do mitzvos in the first place. Does G-d really need our mitzvos?

To this question, the Sefer Hachinuch answers that G-d gave us the mitzvos for our own good. When we perform mitzvos, we earn a share in the World to Come. The spiritual pleasure that can be had in the world to come is the ultimate pleasure in the world. It wouldn’t be the same thing if G-d would give us a share in the World to Come without our deserving it. Human nature is such that we only appreciate something if we worked hard to get it.

R’ Bamberger related a relevant story about himself. Apparently, the child labor laws weren’t in effect yet when he was a child. When he was 10 years old, he worked as a waiter in a summer camp for two months for just $86. He had to do really heavy work, like mopping floors. However, he never appreciated money more than those $86 that he earned through many hours of hard labor.

The Rosh Yeshivah of Darchei Torah, R’ Shlomo Avigdor Altusky, Shlita, spoke on a similar topic this past summer on the Fast of the 17th of Tammuz. He related an interesting incident that occurred with the Chofetz Chaim. A man once told the Chofetz Chaim that he didn’t want Moshiach to come. He explained that he felt that way since we are only able to accumulate merits for the next world through the nisyonos that we face in this world. The Chofetz Chaim didn’t reply to this explanation, but indicated that he didn’t approve of it.

R’ Altusky tried to explain why the Chofetz Chaim disapproved of the man’s explanation. He gave the following parable: A boy lost his father at a very young age. Due to his unfortunate situation, he was forced to become very mature and assertive at a very young age. Twenty years later a colleague noted to the orphan how much his character improved through the death of his father. To this insensitive remark, the orphan replied that he would gladly give up all of the ma’alos (positive traits) that he acquired if he could have his father back.

This was the Chofetz Chaim’s reason for disapproving of his visitor’s opinion. While it is true that we are earning merits through our nisyonos and yissurin in this world, the reward isn’t worth it. This is the reason why we want Moshiach to come quickly and not to live in this world indefinitely.

In fact, it is the very suffering that we experience in this world that will bring the Moshiach. The medrash tells us that Moshiach ben Dovid was born on Tishah B’Av. This idea should bring us consolation for all of the difficulties that we experience in our lives. The true goodness that G-d has in store for us can only be had when Moshiach comes.