Revoking Permission

Hillel says in Pirkei Avot (2:5): “ואל תדון את חברך עד שתגיע למקומו – Don’t judge your friend until you reach his place.” The simple explanation is we can never estimate the issues that befall our friends and therefore never judge them. However, based on “drash” we may say that מָקוֹם is one of G-d’s names and therefore the interpretation would be that you should never judge your friend until you “reach” G-d, and how many humans can say they “reached” G-d, thus revoking permission to judge others.

The Everlasting Bone

In Pirkei Avos (2:4) we are taught in the name of Hillel:

“אַל תַּאֲמֵן בְּעַצְמָךְ עַד יוֹם מוֹתָךְ”

“Don’t believe in yourself until the day of your death.”

Based on “drash,” there is a good reason not to believe בְּעַצְמָךְ (also translated to mean “your bone”) until your death, that is because in the merit of eating a “melava malka,” the “luz bone” is nourished and remains until “tchiat hametim,” a testament that true belief in the everlasting bone comes at death.

Wide Kindness

“חסד” (kindness) equals the gematria of the word “עב” (wide). One’s kindness must have a wide impact on the recipient.  “עב” is phonetically pronounced in Hebrew as “אב” (referencing the word “Av” translated to mean father and the month of “Av”). “חסד” is the “father” of all action and the way to approach the month of “Av.”

Spiritual Strength

It was taught: “He would also say (Ben Hei Hei would): Five years is the age for the study of Scripture. Ten, for the study of Mishnah. Thirteen, for the obligation to observe the mitzvot. Fifteen, for the study of Talmud. Eighteen, for marriage. Twenty, to pursue [a livelihood]. Thirty (ל), for strength, Forty, for understanding etc..”(Pirei Avot 4:22).  The Hebrew letter ל equals thirty (corresponding to the idea – “Thirty (ל), for strength”). If ל is phonetically pronounced in Hebrew it would spell לָמַד “to learn.” Therefore, 30 is a time of strength for learning symbolizes spiritual strength.